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Rhythm: combinations of long and short sounds that convey movement.

Duration: the length of a sound.

Pitch: How high or low a sound is.

Tempo: the speed of the music.

Pulse: the underlying steady beat of music. This is what we may tap our foot or clap along with.

Beat: the basic unit of time within music.

Timbre: the particular tone that distinguishes a sound or combination of sounds.

Texture: the layers of sound in a musical work and the relationship between them.

Melody: a sequence of notes and rhythms.

Structure: refers to the way a piece is built and what order sections are in.

Harmony: the sounding of two or more notes at the same time.

Dynamics: the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.