Learning about how our World has shaped us.
Geography is an important part of the curriculum. It teaches pupils the importance of how changes to places and the environment affect us, because of both natural processes and human activity. Through the teaching of geography, children develop key skills in place and locational knowledge, human and physical geography and map and fieldwork skills.
In the Early Years, children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members. They learn that other children do not always enjoys the same things, and are sensitive to this. They learn about similarities and differences between themselves, others and among families, communities and traditions. Children learn about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one to another.
In Key Stage One, pupils develop their knowledge of the world, the United Kingdom and their local area. They begin to understand and use geographical vocabulary based on human and physical geography. The children learn geographical skills using maps, atlases and globes and develop their understanding of simple compass directions to help them describe locations and features on a map.
In Key Stage Two, pupils extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and its cities and counties, as well as Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They will develop a greater understanding of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills, which will enhance their locational and place knowledge. The children will learn to become independent geographers and will learn how to use grid references, compasses, symbols and keys to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world.